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NCT05569434

68Ga-P16-093 PET/CT Imaging in Primary and Recurrent Glioma Patients

PSMA is highly expressed on the cell surface of the microvasculature of several solid tumors, including glioma. This makes it a potentially imaging target for the detection and grading of gliomas. This pilot study was designed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of 68Ga-P16-093, a novel radiopharmaceutical targeting PSMA, which was compared with MRI in the same group of glioma patients.

NCT06159335

Use of Amide-CEST MRI and 18F-Fluciclovine PET for Discerning Tumor From Treatment Change in Patients With Brain Metastases Undergoing Immunotherapy

The goal of this clinical trial is to use new imaging methods to help in finding out whether the imaging shows that there is a tumor in people with a brain metastasis. The main question it aims to answer is whether positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) find cancerous tissue better than other types of imagining. Participants will undergo a single PET/MRI scan, followed by a separate MRI scan with a tracer. Study participation will last about 3 hours.

NCT05450744

A Phase 1 Safety and Dose Finding Study of 131I -TLX101 Plus Standard of Care in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma

This is an open label, single arm, parallel-group, multicentre, and dose finding study to evaluate the safety of ascending radioactive dose levels of 131I-TLX101 administered intravenously in combination with best standard of care in newly diagnosed GBM patients.

NCT04807582

Determining the Magnitude of Early Steps of Fatty Acid Oxidation in Cerebral Metastases Using [18F]FPIA PET/MRI

Cerebral metastases represent a significant problem for oncological management. It is estimated that 20-40% of patients with cancer will develop metastatic cancer to the brain during the course of their illness. 18F-fluoropivalate ([18F]FPIA) is a new tracer that images short chain fatty acid (SCFA) uptake in tumours, a key component of fatty acid oxidation. The aim of this study is to quantify the degree of early step fatty acid oxidation in cerebral metastases as imaged by [18F]FPIA Positron Emission Tomography (PET)/Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). The investigators hypothesise that FPIA uptake will be higher in metastases that are treatment naïve compared to those that have undergone treatment, in keeping with viable tumour cells having a high propensity to generate ATP and NADPH via fatty acid oxidation under bioenergetic stress.

NCT05553041

Evaluation of 18F-Fluciclovine PET-MRI to Differentiate Tumor Progression From Post-treatment Changes in Pediatric High-grade Glioma (HGG)

The purpose of this study is to see if 18F-fluciclovine (Axumin®) PET imaging is useful and safe in the management of children with High Grade Gliomas. Investigators seek to determine if this imaging will help doctors tell the difference between tumor growth (progression) and other tumor changes that can occur after treatment.

NCT04706910

18F-DOPA II - PET Imaging Optimization

A single centre non-randomized, non-blinded phase III prospective cohort study of 18F-DOPA PET/CT imaging in specific patient populations: Pediatric patients (less than 18 years old) with congenital hyperinsulinism. Pediatric patients (less than 18 years old) with neuroblastoma. Pediatric (less than 18 years old) or Adult patients (18 or older) with known or clinically suspected neuroendocrine tumor. Adult patients (18 or older) with a clinical suspicion of Parkinson's disease or Lewy body dementia. Pediatric (less than 18 years old) or Adult patients (18 or older) with brain tumors. Image optimization (the primary study objective) and gallbladder activity pattern (the secondary objective) will be evaluated.

NCT04997317

This is a, two-step, cross-over, open-label phase 0 study comparing the therapeutic index of 177Lu-DOTA-JR11 and 177Lu-DOTATOC followed by a single-arm open-label Phase I/II study.

Meningiomas are known to be the most frequent intracranial neoplasms and account for approx. 25-33% of all intracranial tumours.Targeted radionuclide therapy with radiolabelled somatostatin analogues, also called Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy (PRRT), has proven to be an effective treatment in metastatic intestinal neuroendocrine tumours and is currently used in advanced, recurrent or progressive meningiomas with promising results. In this study, the therapeutic index of a standard and newly developed radiolabelled somatostatin antagonist will be evaluated and compared in PRRT. In a second step, safety and efficacy of the latter will be assessed.

NCT05644080

Patients with recurrent grade 3 and grade 4 glioma will be recruited for treatment with 177Lu-PSMA.

This interventional, clinical pilot-study will initiate and evaluate 68Ga/177Lu-PSMA theranostics in Norway as treatment alternative for patients with recurrent grade 3 and grade 4 gliomas. The main goal is to improve existing diagnostic and therapeutic methods in glioma management, and introduce a novel, well-tolerated radionuclide treatment that possibly can increase the overall survival and quality of life for a patient group that today have very short expected survival and no standard recommended therapy.

NCT03966651

A Phase I Clinical Study Evaluating the Safety of Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy (PRRT) With 177Lu-DOTA0-Tyr3-Octreotate in Children With Refractory or Recurrent Neuroblastoma Expressing Somatostatin Receptors.

This study is a multicenter, open label phase I dose escalation trial designed to define the Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of 177Lu-DOTATATE in children with refractory or recurrent neuroblastoma. 177Lu-DOTATATE will be delivered intravenously for 2 cycles, 6 weeks apart. The duration of study participation of each patient will be 5 months.

NCT05801159

An Observational Study to Determine Changes in 18F-fluoropivalate-PET During Postoperative Chemoradiotherapy for Patients With Primary Glioblastoma Multiforme

Glioma is the most common primary malignant brain tumour in adults and has an extremely poor prognosis. Glioblastoma is the most common subtype and its most aggressive form, with an annual incidence of 3.19 cases per 100,000. The aim of this study is to quantify the degree of fatty acid oxidation in 20 participants diagnosed with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) that have undergone surgical resection throughout the course of their chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatment. The investigators hypothesise that the parameters derived from longitudinal 18F-fluoropivalate (18F-FPIA) positron emission tomography (PET) will change predictably over the course of therapy in relation to response.

NCT05479136

18F-Fluciclovine PET Imaging for Detecting High Grade Glioma Recurrence After Radiochemotherapy

This study will examine whether positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with fluciclovine can reliably differentiate true progression from pseudoprogression months earlier than the conventional MRI methods.

NCT05512403

Evaluation of Diagnostic Performances of 18F-FDOPA PET KInetics as Biomarkers for the Improvement of Care of MRI Non-contrast Enhanced Gliomas

the investigators hypothesise that 18F-FDOPA PET kinetic parameters are good biomarkers to characterise suspected LGG brain lesions that exhibit no contrast on MRI, for identifying aggressive lesions. These parameters could constitute diagnostic biomarkers for this indication. This new diagnostic tool could enhance patient care in the short term in an evolving pathology affecting socially active subjects with a poor prognosis

NCT04766632

Contribution of Cerebral 18F-DOPA PET-CT Scan in High-grade Recurrent Gliomas : a Monocentric Pilot Impact Study on the Practices of Defining Target Volumes Before RAdiotherapy

The use of contrast enhancement in enhancing -T1 MRI, due to the rupture of the blood-brain barrier may underestimate the volume to be irradiated. The natural course of these gliomas after first irradiation is a second relapse within 12 months with, in 40% of cases, relapses outside the initial radiation field. Amino acid PET-CT (Positon Emission Tomography with Computed Tomography) could be an interesting alternative to tumor delineation because its results, do not depend on the rupture of the blood-brain barrier. Several studies have used amino acid PET in the planning of radiotherapy treatment for high-grade gliomas, but without a well-conducted prospective study. In the recurrent high-grade glioma population, no studies have been performed with 18F-DOPA.( 6-fluoro-[18F]-L-dihydroxyphenylalanine) The question therefore relates to the interest of cerebral 18F-DOPA PET-CT to improve the delineation of the volumes to be re-irradiated, during the recurrence of high-grade gliomas, and on the optimal methodology for determining GTV- PET. To compare GTV-TEP and GTV-MRI volumes with each other, and the r-GTV, volume corresponding to the relapse objectified on the follow-up MRI, the analysis will be based on 3 parameters: DICE index, similarity index between 2 volumes, Contoured Common Volume (VCC), intersection of 2 volumes between them, Additional Contoured Volume (VSC), total volume delineated with imaging minus the common volume between 2 imageries. Thus, within the rGTV relapse volume, it's important to know whether VSC of 18F-DOPA PET-CT is significant compared to that of MRI and would thus allow better definition of the volumes to be irradiated.

NCT04840069

A Phase II Randomized Clinical Trial of Radiotherapy Planning Using Conventional Imaging +/- Fluciclovine PET in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma

The purpose of the this study is to see if the use of a PET scan with 18F-fluciclovine (PET or Fluciclovine PET) in addition to the normal radiation planning imaging procedures (MRI and CT scan) will help determine the areas where the radiation therapy is to be delivered. It is also a goal of the study to determine if subjects live longer when treatment plans for radiation therapy are designed using a Fluciclovine PET scan, as well as MRI and CT scans. We will also collect information on if and where the tumor returns. Information on the side effects from the two different treatment planning imaging methods will also be collected. 18F-Fluciclovine is an FDA-approved radioactive diagnostic agent that is injected into the patient and then taken up by cancer cells, which can then be visualized with a PET/CT scan. 18F-Fluciclovine is FDA approved for the detection of recurrent prostate cancer, but is still investigational for the purposes of this study.

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NCT04315584

FDG and FDOPA PET Demonstration of Functional Brain Abnormalities

The purpose of this pilot study will be to conduct a clinical trial using a time-of-flight PET scanner and MRI scanner to test an improved method for differentiating tumor recurrence from radiation necrosis in glioblastoma patients. We will attempt to do so by performing a static and dynamic FDG-PET scan, a static and dynamic FDOPA-PET scan, and a multiparametric MRI scan - then comparing the results with surgical pathology and static FDG-PET scans. We hypothesize that the new quantitative kinetic analytical methods using FDOPA in combination with FDG will provide crucial functional information to distinguish recurrent tumors from treatment-induced radiation changes in patients with treated brain neoplasms. This is important for improving patient outcomes by allowing treating physicians to more accurately tailor treatments. Furthermore, dynamic FDG and FDOPA PET will be combined with high resolution anatomic and physiologic MRI in order to develop a multimodal multiparametric approach for differentiating tumor recurrence from treatment effect.

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NCT06451042

FET-PET/MRI Based Treatment Planning for Glioblastoma Multiforme in Post-Surgical Patients (FET-TREAT)

GBM represent the most common primary brain malignancy and prognosis remains poor. The most common subtype is glioblastoma which has a 5-year survival rate of approximately 5%. Despite advances in MRI techniques, accurately determining total extent of tumor remains a challenge. The result is incomplete treatment resulting in reduced survival or overtreatment resulting in avoidable treatment related morbidity. A more accurate means of assessing tumor extent is needed to guide management to improve patient survival and quality of life.

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NCT04081701

68Ga(Gallium)-DOTATATE Positron Emission Tomography (PET)/MRI in the Diagnosis and Management of Somatostatin Receptor Positive Central Nervous System CNS Tumors.

The study population consists of patients who undergo resection for somatostatin receptor-positive (SSTR-positive) CNS tumors, focusing on meningioma, and including esthesioneuroblastoma, hemangioblastoma, medulloblastoma, paraganglioma, pituitary adenoma, and SSTR-positive systemic cancers metastatic to the brain, such as small cell carcinoma of the lung. The study indication is to determine the diagnostic utility of 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/MRI in the diagnosis and management of patients with SSTR-positive CNS tumors, specifically whether 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/MRI demonstrates utility distinguishing between tumor recurrence and post-treatment change. To date, the utility of Ga-68-DOTATATE PET/MRI in meningioma has not been explored. Investigators have over the past 3 months been able to accrue the largest case series of presently 12 patients in whom Ga-68-DOTATATE PET/MRI demonstrated utility in the assessment of meningioma, including assessment for postsurgical/postradiation recurrence, detection of additional lesions not visualized on MRI alone, and evaluation of osseous invasion. Based on this initial experience, investigators intend to study the impact of Ga-68-DOTATATE PET/MRI in the assessment of the extent of residual tumor in patients status post meningioma resection, specifically in patients in whom tumor location limits resectability, patients with World Health Organization (WHO) grade II/III disease, and patients with history of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) who develop postradiation change.

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NCT06412952

68Ga-NOTA-RM26 PET/CT in Glioma Patients

The aim of this study was to investigate the value of 68Ga-NOTA-RM26, an antagonist targeting gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR) PET tracer, in the diagnosis of high WHO grade glioma and prediction the grade of glioma using positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT).

NCT04082520

A Prospective, Phase II Study of Lutetium Lu 177 Dotatate (LUTATHERA®) in Patients With Inoperable, Progressive Meningioma After External Beam Radiation Therapy

This phase II trial studies how well lutathera works in treating patients with meningioma that cannot be treated with surgery (inoperable) and is growing, spreading, or getting worse (progressive) after external beam radiation therapy. Lutathera is a radioactive drug administered in the vein that is designed to target and kill cancer cells. The goal of this study is to determine whether this drug is safe and effective in treating meningiomas that progress after radiation treatment.

NCT05554302

Characterization of 18F-Fluciclovine PET Amino Acid Radiotracer in Resected Brain Metastasis

This study is for patients who have had surgery to remove brain metastasis and are planned to have stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) after their brain surgery. It will be optional for patients to have a pre-surgery 18F-Fluciclovine PET/CT scan. The goal of the study is to determine whether a specific imaging agent, known as 18F-Fluciclovine, will help physicians evaluate the extent of surgery and determine if there is any visible tumor above what MRI alone can identify as well as improve the physicians' ability to detect recurring disease. This agent (18F-Fluciclovine) is investigational for the imaging of brain metastases.

NCT04689048

Characterization of Large Brain Metastases With 18F-Fluciclovine PET/CT Treated With Staged Stereotactic Radiosurgery

The spread of cancer to the brain is referred to as brain metastases. Brain metastases are a common complication of cancer. This study is being done to determine whether the use of a new imaging agent, 18F-fluciclovine, is able to detect which patients are responding to radiation therapy. In addition, this study will look at the changes of the treated brain metastases using this imaging agent over time.

NCT03276676

[18F]Fluciclovine and [18F]FLT PET/CT Assessment of Primary High-Grade Brain Tumors

The hypothesis of this exploratory clinical trial in patients with high-grade a primary brain tumor who receive chemoradiation is that the PET imaging agents [18F]Fluciclovine and/or [18F]FLT will be a better predictor of tumor response than standard MRI based brain tumor response criteria. When used in conjunction, the two PET agents may be better able to predict tumor aggressiveness and thus overall survival than the use of individual-tracer PET biomarkers. This may eventually lead to improved assessment of response (including time to progression and overall survival) and differentiation of tumor recurrence/progression from treatment effect (pseudoprogression).

NCT06209567

An Investigator-Initiated Study to Evaluate PSMA Expression in Patients With High-Grade Gliomas or Brain Metastases With 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET

The purpose of this study is to find out whether 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT is effective in assessing tumor uptake (tumor activity seen in cancerous tissue) in participants with high-grade glioma/HGG or brain metastases.

NCT06132737

An Open-label Dose Escalation Study to Evaluate Safety, Tolerability, Biodistribution and Efficacy of [90Y]Y-PentixaTher for the Therapy of Recurrent or Refractory Primary or Isolated Secondary Central Nervous System Lymphoma.

This will be an open-label, single-arm, national phase 1/2 therapeutic study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and preliminary efficacy of [90Y]Y-PentixaTher ([90Y]Y-PTT) for the treatment of recurrent or refractory primary or isolated secondary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma. The study will be performed in three cohorts with different dose levels (2, 4 and 6 GBq) according to the best-of-5 dose escalation design. A safety review committee (SRC) will evaluate dose-limiting toxicities and decide about escalation and de-escalation. Eligible patients will receive one cycle of [90Y]Y-PTT, which will be administered intravenously. There will be no comparator in this study. Safety, biodistribution, dosimetry and efficacy will be evaluated during the core study phase (Visit 1 until Visit 5). Thereafter three follow-up (FU) visits will take place, at three-months intervals to evaluate the extent of disease.

NCT05533242

A Phase I Trial to Determine the Maximum Tolerated Dose and Patient-specific Dosimetry of Fractionated Intracavitary Radioimmunotherapy With Lu-177 Labeled 6A10 Fab-fragments in Patients With Glioblastoma After Standard Treatment

Locoregional, intracavitary radioimmunotherapy (iRIT) with a newly developed radioimmunoconjugate (Lu-177 labeled 6A10-Fab-fragments) will be used to prevent or postpone tumour recurrence in patients with GBM following standard therapy .

NCT03971461

A Single Arm, Open-label, Multicenter Phase II Study of 177Lu-DOTATATE Radionuclide in Adults With Progressive or High-risk Meningioma

This single arm, open-label study will evaluate the efficacy of Lutathera (177Lu-DOTATATE) administered intravenously every 8 weeks for a total of 4 doses in patients with progressive WHO I-III or residual high-risk Ga-DOTATATE PET-MRI positive meningioma. Ga-DOTATATE PET-MRI scans will be obtained prior to initiation of Lutathera treatment and 6 months after the initiation of Lutathera treatment. The latter will be performed within the 14 days prior to the last dose of Lutathera treatment.

NCT04459273

PET Biodistribution Study of 68Ga-FAPI-46 in Patients With Different Malignancies: An Exploratory Biodistribution Study With Histopathology Validation

This exploratory study investigates how an imaging technique called 68Ga-FAPi-46 PET/CT can determine where and to which degree the FAPI tracer (68Ga-FAPi-46) accumulates in normal and cancer tissues in patients with cancer. Because some cancers take up 68Ga-FAPi-46 it can be seen with PET. FAP stands for Fibroblast Activation Protein. FAP is produced by cells that surround tumors (cancer associated fibroblasts). The function of FAP is not well understood but imaging studies have shown that FAP can be detected with FAPI PET/CT. Imaging FAP with FAPI PET/CT may in the future provide additional information about various cancers.

NCT04044937

Fluoroethyltyrosine for the Evaluation of Intracranial Neoplasm

This phase II trial studies how well F-18 fluoroethyltyrosine (fluoroethyltyrosine) works in detecting tumors in participants with intracranial tumors that have come back. Imaging agents, such as fluoroethyltyrosine, may help doctors see the tumor better during a positron emission tomography (PET) scan.

NCT03925675

18F-Fluciclovine PET and Multiparametric MR Imaging

The purpose of the study is to investigate the use of the investigational agent Axumin (fluciclovine-F18) with PET/CT imaging in combination with standard MR imaging to detect remaining or recurrent brain tumor.

NCT03649880

Feasibility of [¹⁸F]-Fluoromisonidazole (FMISO) in Assessment of Malignant Brain Tumors

This phase II trial studies how well ¹⁸F- fluoromisonidazole (FMISO) works with positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in assessing participants with malignant (cancerous) brain tumors. FMISO provides information about the oxygen levels in a tumor, which may affect how the tumor behaves. PET/MRI imaging produces images of the brain and how the body functions. FMISO PET/MRI may help investigators see how much oxygen is getting in the brain tumors.

NCT02902757

Very Early Response Monitoring in Patients With Glioblastoma Undergoing Therapy Using FDG PET/CT

This pilot clinical trial studies fluordeoxyglucose (fludeoxyglucose) F-18 (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in monitoring very early therapy response in patients with glioblastoma. Diagnostic procedures, such as FDG PET/CT, may help measure a patient's response to earlier treatment. Chemotherapy can induce very rapid changes to the tumor's glucose consumption which can be measured with imaging. FDG PET/CT shortly after the start of therapy may help identify very early therapy response in patients with glioblastoma.

NCT00107289

Open Access Protocol of Targeted Radiotherapy With I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (I-MIBG) in Patients With Resistant Neuroblastoma or Malignant Chromaffin Cell Tumors

The purpose of this research study is to find how active and safe 131 I-MIBG is in patients with resistant neuroblastoma, malignant pheochromocytoma and malignant paraganglioma.

NCT05549024

68Ga-RM26-RGD PET/CT Imaging in the GRPR and αvβ3 Positive Tumor Patients

Based on the high expression of specific receptors on the surface of diseased tissues and neovascularization, noninvasive targeted molecular imaging can be used to visualize lesions in vitro by combining specific ligands labeled with short half-life isotopes. In this study, a novel dual-target imaging agent 68Ga-RM26-RGD was used for clinical study of tumor PET/CT imaging to further verify its clinical application value.

NCT05054998

A Pilot Study of Dual Time Point FDG PET MR Imaging Optimization for the Evaluation of Brain Metastasis

This phase IV trial studies how well delaying positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan after injection of fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) can improve the imaging of patients with cancer that has spread to brain (brain metastases). FDG is a type of imaging agent that doctors use to help "see" the images on a scan more clearly. Delaying PET/MRI scan after injecting FDG may improve how well doctors can tell the difference between healthy and unhealthy tissue.

NCT04870580

[18F] FDOPA PET Imaging in Glioma: Feasibility Study for PET Guided Brain Biopsy

[18F]fluorodopa (3, 4-dihydroxy-6-[18F]fluoro-L-phenylalanine/ FDOPA) is an amino acid PET tracer originally developed for brain imaging in patients with movement disorders but has been found to be useful in brain tumour imaging. [18F]fluorodopa has been demonstrated to be predominantly transported by the L-type amino acid transporter without significant uptake into surrounding normal brain parenchyma with the exception of the basal ganglia. Assessing the feasibility of performing PET guided histopathology in a single and multi-site setting will be crucial in order to use PET as a planning tool for brain biopsy to detect high-grade transformation in low-grade gliomas.

NCT04173104

Pilot Study of [18F]PARPi PET/MR Imaging in Patients With New and/or Suspected Recurrent Brain Tumors

This study is to collect data about how 18FPARPi can be used together with PET/positron emission tomography and MRI/magnetic resonance imaging scans to take pictures of brain cancer

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NCT03465618

Imaging of Patients With Malignant Brain Tumors Using 89Zr-cRGDY Ultrasmall Silica Particle Tracers: A Phase 1 Microdosing Study

The purpose of this study is to test if PET scans using 89Zr-DFO-cRGDY-PEG-Cy5-C' dot particles, can be used to take pictures of brain tumors. The investigators want to understand how the particles are distributed and removed from the body, which may help others be treated in the future. This will be the first time that 89Zr-DFO-cRGDY-PEG-Cy5-C' dot particles are being used in people. The amount of particles given in this study is very small compared to the amount that was used in mice animal studies.

NCT04462419

18F-Fluciclovine PET Discrimination of Radiation Injury to the Brain

This phase I trial studies the ability and amount of fluciclovine positron emission tomography (PET) imaging needed to recognize tumors that have come back (recurrence) after brain injury from radiation therapy (radionecrosis) in patients with intracranial disease that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). F-18 fluciclovine is a radiotracer that works by accumulating in tumor cells, making it easier to detect tumors. The results of this study may also help investigators understand all the ways that F-18 fluciclovine may affect patients.